Mexico will replant 8.5 million hectares

Mexico will lead the way in reforestation projects pledged during a climate change conference this week in Lima, Peru.
Eight Latin American countries will replant 20 million hectares of degraded land by the year 2020 in a project known as Initiative 20×20.
Of those 20 million hectares, Mexico will plant 8.5 million under the plan, which will be financed by five private investment funds that have committed a total of US $365 million.
The pledges were made yesterday at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, where the project was announced by one of the conservation groups behind it, the World Resources Institute in Washington, DC. Walter Vergara, a senior fellow at the institute, says Latin America has lost about 36 million hectares of forest and grassland to agriculture in just 14 years.
The region is growing more food but it is being done at the expense of virgin forest and grassland, said Vergara. Converting that land for agriculture and livestock accounts for nearly half of all greenhouse gas emissions in the region, the institute says.
Instead of funding the project with grants from charities, it is turning to investment funds looking to make a profit.
The largest contribution will be made by Luxembourg-based Althelia Climate Fund, which invests in agro-forestry projects near protected areas. “We want to build a credible business case so that bigger tickets will follow,” said a managing partner of the fund, Christian del Valle.
The idea is to plant trees on land currently used for agriculture, helping the land retain water, thereby adding to its productivity and providing shelter for animals. In the long term, the trees can be harvested to provide farmers with more income.
That process can produce significant results, says the technical director of the Moringa Fund, which also invests in Latin America, as well as Africa. Clement Chénost said a patch of trees can improve pasture land by as much as six times, which means less acreage can sustain more livestock.
Other countries that have pledged to join the initiative are Peru with 3.2 million hectares, Guatemala 1.2 million, Colombia 1 million, Ecuador 500,000, Chile 100,000 and Costa Rica 50,000 hectares.

One comment

  1. Let me see now … converting this forest and grass land to agriculture and livestock for food was a bad thing because of the increase in greenhouse gases. However because the increased CO2 gas has no effect in global warming due to human caused global warming (humans cause only some 2 percent of the of the annual output of CO2 worldwide ), the only effect will be less and more expensive food for a growing population.

    The 8.5 million hectors converted to forests will result in fewer jobs for Mexican farm workers. Already the newspapers in Puerto Vallarta are asking visitors to contribute to the charades to help feed the poor people without jobs . A report in the U.S. was the large number of acreage that is used in backyards in the growing of food.

    Another problem is the availability of fresh water for drinking. The trees soak up this water and evaporate it into the atmosphere. Perhaps more CO2 could be extracted from the atmosphere if every household in Mexico planted a front, back and side lawn. Rapidly growing grass consumes more CO2 than slow growing trees. However, the animal and plant life requires a higher level of CO2 in the atmosphere than it now contains. Ask any greenhouse plant grower how he increases the production of his greenhouse plants … he increases the CO2 level some 4 times that in the atmosphere.

    The plants on Earth mostly developed long time age when the CO2 level and atmospheric pressure at sea level was much higher. Today, there are many deserts, and the continents are no longer covered with forests. Also species are going extinct at a much larger rate than before. Mexico, wake up and smell the daisies .

Comments are closed.